Scaling Up and Scaling Out Lessons from NWCF-ICIMOD Research on Springs, Recharge Ponds and Local Water Management in Mid-Hill Himalaya
An innovative project entitled "Springs, Storage Towers and Water Conservation: Exploring Decentralized Water Management Science for the Middle Hills of Nepal" was implemented in two pilot sites in Kavre district by NWCF in partnership with ICIMOD under its "Innovative Fund" from June 2013 to December 2014. This one and a half year-long field-based pilot action research on recharge ponds and springs gave us some important lessons on local water management in the mid-hill Himalaya. It helped us in answering basically two sets of questions related to furthering this down-to-earth program. These questions, if addressed appropriately, will have immediate positive impact on the lives and livelihoods of villages where water shortage is a concern serious enough to elicit push factors for mass outmigration and depopulation of mid-hills. The first concerns exploring ways and means to expand recharge pond construction or rehabilitation in both the VDCs where the pilots have been carried out as well as in the adjacent VDCs of the Dapcha-Kavre ridge where interests have been generated among people who have seen what happened in the current sites. The second concerns the kind of steps that may need to be taken up to expand this program to other ridges and water scarce areas of the larger Kosi basin.
|Working Paper NWCF-ICIMOD Spring and Pond Project|
|Issue Brief-Nepali Ponds|
|Issue Brief- English Ponds|
NWCF and FINNIDA Project
This is a practical guideline for planning, construction and management of dug out ponds, with focus on recharging groundwater aquifer in water scarce areas. The purpose of this Handbook is to help the WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) stakeholders in understanding concepts to manage depleting water sources in the mountains, mid-hills and Terai regions in the context of Climate Change. This Handbook draws heavily on Madhukar Upadhya’s book-Pokhari ra Pahiro, Madhya pahadi Chhetrako Paani- Sanskriti, Khadya Pranaali ra Bhu- Kshayako Artha Raajniti. Though this Handbook, an outcome of many years of experience in constructing ponds in Nepal, is aimed at helping WASH planners, it is a useful reference to everyone interested in catching rain where it falls (rather than just where it later concentrates), to enhance local water availability and to bring a positive change in the quality of life for people dependent on stored groundwater, which, in the mountains serves to feed Springs, providing water for everyday needs. It has become urgent in view of the fact that climate change induced impacts are already beginning to be felt with incidents of increased frequency and intensity of floods and droughts, new approaches (such as that of water harvesting ponds technology) have to be explored and adopted to enhance the resilience capacity of rural Nepal.
View the full handbook from the link below.
|Recharge Ponds Handbook For WASH Programme|