Springs Revival in HKH

NWCF and ICIMOD have jointly initiated a program on Mainstreaming Spring Revival in the Hindu Kush Himalayas considering the fact that
the most people especially of the rural and marginalized communities in the mid hills and mountainous regions of the Hindu Kush Himalayas (HKH) are heavily dependent on springs for their daily drinking and domestic water supplies. Many water supply schemes in the cities and towns in the HKH are connected to local springs and Himalayan springs are also very important for sustaining base flows of many rivers and streams which are important for irrigation, navigation, hydropower generation and cultural services,

Studies in the HKH are indicating that many springs have dried or their discharge is decreasing due to a range of drivers such as ecological degradation, misuse of modern technology for over-pumping, seismicity, conventional approach to building roads and other infrastructure etc. with their negative impacts exacerbated by climate change related temperature and precipitation uncertainties. As a result, water security of millions of people residing in the hills and mountains of the HKH are under threat which in future could aggravate owning to projected climate change. If the current trend of springs drying up continues, the national governments will find it very difficult to achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially concerning water security, poverty reduction and gender and social inclusion, in the HKH. In this context, NWCF and ICIMOD are collaborating to in this project.


Major objectives of the project are to mainstream spring revival in relevant policy areas in the Hindu Kush Himalayan countries – Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan; generate and synthesize knowledge and evidences on spring revival from Nepal and other countries of the HKH; and build institutional capacities and raise awareness on spring revival in the HKH.

Project activities
Under the project, major activities are to:

  • Prepare a status paper on springs in Nepal, including stocking of previous spring work in Kavre district.
  • Publish Nepal specific policy brief on springs in English and Nepali looking through new governance system and endorsed through national policy dialogue.
  • Publish regional policy paper on springs.
  • Organize policy dialogues with multiple stakeholders.
  • Form and support regional spring committee for policy inputs and advocacy.
  • Develop and disseminate knowledge products.
  • Develop capacities of local municipalities in Nepal on spring revival solution.

Project duration: March 2020 to June 2021