United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, Thailand has initiated a Water Scarcity Program (WSP) with a vision that country capacities to use latest tools and technologies are enhanced and magnified via a regional collaborative platform that allows countries to discuss, share and learn from one another. The overall objective of the WSP is to bring agricultural water use to within the limits of sustainability and prepare the sector for a productive future with less water. For this, it aims to assess the scope of water scarcity; evaluate management options, improve water governance, implement programs of adaptive management, and use advanced tools and knowledge to inform response. Major activities under the WSP include: i) policy analysis study, ii) High level regional forums and platforms, and iii) capacity building of governments. For this, the FAORAP has selected countries of Asia for the water scarcity program to undertake deep assessment of national governance arrangements in place to manage water scarcity and Nepal is also one of the first countries to participate in this assessment.
Under the program, NWCF started the national policy assessment on water scarcity in Nepal in November 2019 especially for agricultural uses in the context of growing demands of the sectors other than agriculture in collaboration with the FAORAP.
The main objective of the program is to support Nepal to bring agricultural water use to within the limits of sustainability and prepare the sector for a productive future with less water by assessing national water management capacities and policy effectiveness that contributes to increase and improve provision of goods and services from agriculture, forestry and fisheries in a sustainable manner.
Major activities under program are to: coordinate at the national level for policy scoping mission from FAO/RAP to Nepal; organize national policy roudtable and dialogues of stakeholders; conduct survey of national policy makers on Nepal water management practices and respective key areas of water policy; prepare water scarcity management country profile and contribute in preparing Water Scarcity Regional Synthesis Report.
This program will be completed in December 2020.